- 2 May 2012 6:56 AM
Thus tiered taxation is reinstated in the new law, but it applies to the tax base rather than to the tax rate. However, for this reason, the private individual's declaration to be made in the beginning of the year whether his/her income is expected not to exceed/to exceed the HUF 2,424,000 annual limit in the tax year concerned gains utmost importance.
Cancellation of the tax credit
As of 1 January 2012 tax credits are cancelled. By annulling this benefit the legislator “compensates" the phase out of the tax base top-up, more favourable for private individuals (in the case of gross incomes below HUF 202,000/month).
Family tax base benefit
There is no essential change in the rules, except that the legislator slightly eases the conditions pertaining to the use of the family tax benefit by stating that only the eligibility to family allowance should exist rather than the actual disbursement thereof.
Income realised from the transfer of movable property
Pursuant to the new law private individuals are not required to consider the amount received as consideration for the transfer of movable property as income (nor to pay and report it), if such income does not reach HUF 600,000 or the HUF 200,000 income limit (from the beginning till the end of the tax year).
If the transfer of the movable property takes place as part of the economic activity, during the normal course of business, then the sales income shall be calculated in accordance with the rules pertaining to the calculation of income from self-employment activity.
Income from the transfer of real property
In the case of real property leasing transactions the rules pertaining to income from the transfer of real property shall apply with the derogations stipulated in the law.
Real property letting
If the real property is let out by a private individual the rental fee paid – in the same year in a certified manner – by the private individual in respect of a real property rented in another settlement may be deducted from the income arising from the letting of the real property. However, this rule shall only be applicable if the period of both the letting and the rental exceeds 90 days. Such set-off shall not applied if in connection with the rental fee the private individual recognises expenses or part of it is reimbursed to him/her.
Entertainment and business gift
It is a material change that for corporation taxpayers (and also in the case of private entrepreneurs) expenses classified as entertainment and business gift shall be taxable in full as certain specific benefit (Article 70 of the Act on Personal Income Tax). This means that the payer shall be obliged to pay personal income tax of 16% and health contribution of 27% for 1.19-fold of the benefit value in respect of costs allocated to this category.
In connection with this the notion of entertainment does not change, while the value limit of business gifts is lifted. However, as of 2012 the tax return is to be submitted and the payment is to be made to the tax administration on monthly basis.
There is no change in the exemption applicable to social organisations, public bodies, foundations, public foundations up to a specific limit (25% of the prevailing minimum wage).
Non-refundable aid provided by the employer for the purpose of final repayment of FX housing loan
(interest-free employer’s contribution)
Until 28 February 2012 private individuals shall not be subject to personal income tax in respect of the maximum amount of HUF 7,500,000 provided by the employer as an interest-free, non-refundable aid. (Pursuant to a temporary provision the aid granted in 2011 shall be also tax exempt.)
The precondition of this is that the employer should make the payment directly to the credit institution's account based on the final repayment confirmation issued by the credit institution to the respective employee.
Please, note that this type of aid is permitted by the law only for parties being in employment relationship with each other!
Value added tax in the light of the year 2012 legislative changes
No year can be started without changes in VAT, which are mostly determined – in addition to the EU legal and tax harmonisation – by the actual economic policy of the ruling government. The VAT changes of this year could have been motivated by the purpose of simplification, the stimulation of certain economic sectors and the earning of extra budgetary revenue. The key changes are as follows:
1. Change in the VAT rate:
It is known by everybody that the increase of the highest VAT rate from 25% to 27% is attributable to the fact that in the year 2012 budget plans the projected VAT revenue amounts to HUF 2,700 billion, i.e. by 8% higher than in 2011.
We kindly remind our clients having cash register equipment that due to the change in the VAT rate the cash register equipment and the taximeter supporting the issue of printed receipts and/or invoices must be reconfigured latest by 29 February 2012 by the authorised service provider.
2. VAT impact vs. Performance:
In connection with Section 1 above during the interim settlement period the issue of establishing the VAT content of invoices related to performance of work in 2011 and continuously performed work also affecting 2012 (payment due date = performance date) arises, for which the following rules shall be applicable:
a) If the full period, as well as the payment deadline is in 2011: 25%
b) If the full period, as well as the payment deadline is in 2012: 27%
c) If the full period is in 2011, but the payment deadline is in 2012: 25%
d) If the full period is in 2012, but the payment deadline is in 2011: 25%
e) If the period is divided (i.e. part of it falls to 2011, and the other to 2012) and the payment deadline is in 2011: 25%
f) If the period is divided (i.e. part of it falls to 2011, and the other to 2012) and the payment deadline is in 2012: it is to be divided in accordance with the number of days. 25% shall apply to the pro rata partial performance in 2011 and 27% to the pro rata partial performance in 2012
3. Car rental, leasing VAT:
Another, well-known change is the change in the management of the VAT impact of car rental and leasing; this change is aimed at providing assistance to one of the greatest losers of recent years’ economic crisis, i.e. the companies active in the vehicle and commercial sector, by making the VAT of car rental and leasing reclaimable, which could not be deducted before.
Thanks to this, upon rental VAT will not be accounted for as cost at the user of the service. This entails a profit increase, which will result in higher corporation tax, which – once again – will contribute to the increase of state budget revenues. In the case of leasing open-ended, rental-type leasing, where the impacts are identical with that of the car rental mentioned above, and the closed-end leasing, where at the end of the tenor the car is transferred to the lessee’s possession, should be separated.
In the latter case so far the VAT used to be capitalised as part of the acquisition value and then depreciated in accordance with the rules set out in the accounting act and in the accounting policy. By making the VAT of closed-end leasing deductible, the capitalised value of the car will decrease, which will entail the reduction of the depreciation, also resulting in higher profit for the company and thereby an increased corporation tax return and payment obligation.
4. VAT impact of import advance:
In the case of transactions outside the Community concluded with clients from 3rd countries it is a VAT-related change that the VAT content of the advance related to import services can be deducted, if the user of the services is bound to pay taxes, or if the obligation arises after 1 January 2012.
5. Changes related to invoicing:
• Until 1 January 2012 electronic invoices must be accepted; however in the future the issuer of the electronic invoice needs to obtain the approval of the client before issuing such invoices.
• The taxpayer must issue a domestic invoice concerning the inland sales of products and provision of services even if it is deemed resident elsewhere as well, but the fulfilment of the transaction impacts its domestic seat or permanent establishment the most directly (before this requirement applied only, if it was resident only inland). Accordingly, as of 1 January 2012 the branch office shall be also obliged to issue invoices in respect of each economic event.
6. Change connected to self-revision:
In case of advance invoices the partial repayment of the advance (erroneous advance invoice issued for a higher amount) also entails the reduction of the VAT tax base, which is not subject to self-revision as of 1 January 2012, but instead the taxpayer may do the adjustment in its actual return, thereby saving the self-revision penalty.
7. Changes impacting the procedural rules:
Pursuant to the adopted law, from the beginning of the year the tax administration will be obliged to publish the information whether the taxpayers availed themselves of the option to make the sales of real property taxable. The adoption of this provision definitely simplifies the administrative procedures for the taxpayers in the future. The adopted law harmonises the taxpayers’ VAT return and summary declaration obligation by making the submission of the VAT return mandatory, if the taxpayer is obliged to submit a summary declaration.
An additional amendment is – effective only from 1 January 2013 – that VAT payers will have to make a summary report in their tax return, i.e. they will have to report the details of the invoices in respect of which they exercised their tax deduction right in the respective settlement period, and of those they issued on such product sales, service provision in respect of which they incurred tax payment obligation in the respective settlement period. In addition to this the adopted law authorises the minister in charge of the fiscal policy to stipulate the detailed rules related to the summary report in a decree.
8. Serial nature:
Pursuant to the adopted law the notion of serial nature is also modified. Accordingly the building sites (allotments) – classified as residential area – converted by plot partitioning from the same building site (allotment) – irrespective of the number thereof – shall be counted as a single building site (allotment) upon assessing the serial nature.
9. Tax warehousing procedure:
In accordance with the governing EU regulation it was adopted in connection with the tax warehousing procedure that in the future the tax payment obligation burdens the person ordering the removal of the goods from the warehouse. Parallel with this the notion of the remover also changes, as a result of which the last buyer of the product, to whom the product was sold by the last confirmed seller, may also be remover.
10. Chain transactions:
As of 1 January 2012 there is also a change in the regulation of chain transactions as, contrary to the previous regulations, only taxpayers participating in the chain transaction as intermediary seller will have the option to refute the legal presumption that they participated in the transaction as purchaser.
11. VAT impact of live music:
Finally, after the company teambuilding events, Christmas dinners and other collective events cheered up with live music it is worth checking the VAT content of the invoice issued by the provider of the live music prior to payment and acceptance, as the VAT impact of such services is reduced from 25% to 5% as of 1 January 2012, which also decreases the costs of the companies, as before the VAT content of such invoices had to be accounted for as cost, as those were deemed fringe benefits granted to employees. The P&L and corporation tax impact is identical with that mentioned in Section 3."
Source: Colling Accounting & Consulting Ltd.
Address: 1138 Budapest, Váci út 141.
Danubius II. Office Building, III. floor
(Enter: Babér street)
Phone: +36 1 452 6900
Fax: +36 1 452 6910