- 19 Jan 2021 1:40 PM
Many of them are rare, endangered species that the zoo actively contributes to protecting. Everyone knows that one can admire a wide variety of animals in the Budapest Zoo. But exactly how many?
Of course, the zoo keeps track of animal collection data, tracking changes on a day-to-day basis, but at the end of the old year or at the beginning of the new year, they always aggregate and, as a matter of interest, usually publish exactly how many animals they have.
According to the latest "census", Budapest Zoo is home to 10,528 specimens of 881 animal species and 115 other breeding species.
Mammals are represented by 1368 specimens of 133 species, birds by 1262 specimens of 151 species, reptiles by 950 specimens of 130 species, amphibians by 131 specimens of 30 species, and fish by 6070 specimens of 218 species.
Of the invertebrates, 213 different species live here, of which the zoo has individual records for 666 specimens of 98 species.
However, for a further 115 invertebrate species, mainly insects kept in large numbers, there is no point in having an individual register, so these animals are included in the inventory by colony.
The Margitsziget Mini Zoo, managed by the same institution, 127 specimens of 25 species are exhibited and therefore these must be also added to the entire animal collection, but 19 of them can also be found at the City Park display site.
In practice, the above numbers mean that, out of the zoos in Hungary, the most kinds of animals may be seen at the Budapest Zoo (although now, due to the coronavirus epidemic, instead of a personal visit, you have to be satisfied with the zoo experiences that are available here on the website and on the Facebook page, YouTube and other internet interfaces) and the fact that the species richness of the animal collection is also outstanding at the European and international level.
More important than the numbers, of course, is that among the animals we can find representatives of a wide variety of different groups of animals, from Cebu pigs to takins, African penguins to Komodo dragons and from a wide variety of marine animals to coconut crabs.
In this way, the zoo can really present and make perceptible one of the most important features of the living world, its diversity; in other words, biodiversity.
This is also very important for the formation of an environmentally conscious approach, as the loss of biodiversity also endangers humanity's life chances.
That is why the zoo want to make its visitors aware of diversity itself and the dangers to biodiversity.
In the zoo they deal with a lot of rare species, for which, in addition to presenting them, breeding for nature conservation purposes is also very important.
In 2020, for example, the zoo achieved several things: significant breeding results for giant anteaters (a vulnerable species), Sumatran orang-utans (a critically endangered species), Asian wild dogs (an endangered species), giant otters (endangered species), tapirs (vulnerable species), grey crowned crane (endangered species) and Northern bald ibis (endangered species), in addition, in the case of giant otters and Northern bald ibises, the zoo also participated in reintroduction programmes related to the protection of these species.
Some species in Hungarian zoos are on display in Budapest only. Examples include the aforementioned giant otter, the common wombat, and the short-beaked echidna. In the case of the latter two species, our breeding results are also world-leading.
Photo courtesy of Budapest Zoo - Zoltán Bagosi