- 3 Apr 2013 9:00 AM
Sneezing, often accompanied by a runny or stuffed up nose.
Coughing, post-nasal drip
Itchy eyes, nose and throat
Allergic “shiners” (dark circles under the eyes cause by increased blood flow near the sinuses)
The “allergic salute” (in a child, persistent upward rubbing of the nose that causes a crease mark on the nose)
Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the membrane that lines the eyelids, causing red-rimmed, swollen eyes and a crusting of the eyelids)
Mental dullness and fatigue
Limit outdoor exposure when the pollen count is at its highest, typically 5:00-10:00 am.
Keep windows closed as much as possible during pollen season.
Stay in an air-conditioned home or office to reduce pollen exposure
Use a HEPA air-filtration system in your vacuum cleaner and air-conditioner, especially in the bedroom. (Good news for dust mite allergy sufferers: they should not do the vacuuming!)
Wash pets often since they carry pollen into the house.
Rinse your nose with saline spray after being outdoors.
Wash your hair before going to sleep.
Don’t dry clothes outdoors, especially bed-linen, as pollen clings to fabric.
Limit vegetation around your home.
Mow grass before it grows tall to avoid its producing seed pods and pollen.
Pull up weeds in your yard before they have a chance to pollinate.
Exercise indoors during pollen season
Source: Ross, Linda M., Allergies Sourcebook, Frederick Ruffner, Jr. Publisher, 1997, p. 311
Treatments of allergies include: allergen avoidance, use of local or systemic antihistamines or steroids, immunotherapy to desensitize the patient’s response to allergens either through gradual vaccination of progressively larger doses of the allergen or administering it sublingually (under the tongue) in like manner.
Oral Allergy Syndrome (OAS)
OAS is perhaps the most common food-related allergy in adults, which is not a separate food allergy, but rather represents cross-reactivity between distant remnants of tree or weed pollen still found in certain fruits and vegetables. In adults up to 60% of all food allergic reactions are due to cross-reactions between foods and inhalative allergens.
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