- 15 Oct 2019 8:44 AM
The revolt began as a student demonstration which attracted thousands as it marched through central Budapest to the Parliament building.
A student delegation entering the radio building in an attempt to broadcast its demands was detained. When the delegation's release was demanded by the demonstrators outside, they were fired upon by the State Security Police (ÁVH) from within the building. The news spread quickly and disorder and violence erupted throughout the capital.
It quickly spread across Hungary, and the government fell. Thousands organized into militias, battling the State Security Police (ÁVH) and Soviet troops.
Pro-Soviet communists and ÁVH members were often executed or imprisoned, as former prisoners were released and armed. Impromptu councils wrested municipal control from the ruling Hungarian Working People's Party and demanded political changes.
The new government formally disbanded the ÁVH, declared its intention to withdraw from the Warsaw Pact and pledged to re-establish free elections. By the end of October, fighting had almost stopped and a sense of normality began to return."
Read more about the history of '56 here.
MTI Photo: Munk Tamás